The Biden administration continues to experience difficulties with the Supreme Court. In light of the court’s recent decision that President Joe Biden’s $430 billion transfer of student debt was illegal, the government’s plans to tax the affluent may soon be overturned.
Moore v. United States may have the greatest impact on Biden, despite the fact that the Supreme Court will hear cases this autumn concerning the right to bear arms, the jurisdiction of federal agencies, and whether or not the phrase “Trump too small” can be trademarked. This debate concentrates on whether or not Biden’s frequently expressed desire for a wealth tax could be implemented.
“Reward work, not just wealth. Pass my proposal for a billionaire minimum tax,” Biden said during the State of the Union address earlier this year. “Because no billionaire should pay a lower tax rate than a school teacher or a firefighter.”
“Biden later proposed a 25% annual tax on all gains to wealth in excess of $100 million in a given year, including unrealized capital gains which aren’t currently taxable. The White House says that the tax would only apply to the top 0.01% of the highest earners. While the proposal faces long odds with a Republican-controlled House of Representatives, it could be nixed permanently if the high court rules such a tax is unconstitutional,” The Washington Examiner reported.
“The specifics of the Moore case don’t involve huge amounts of money, but center around the same issues of taxation and the definition of the word ‘income,’” the outlet added. “Charles and Kathleen Moore, a Washington state-based couple, made a nearly $40,000 investment into an Indian company in 2005 and never received any money or other payments from the company even though it made a profit every year.”
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According to the 2017 tax reform law, they were subject to a $14,729 mandatory repatriation tax. They then filed a lawsuit seeking a refund and claiming the tax violates the apportionment clause of the Constitution. The Sixteenth Amendment authorizes Congress to “lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without regard to apportionment among the several states.” This means that the federal government cannot tax stock gains, which are the primary source of wealth for many billionaires if the equities are not sold.
Sens. Bernie Sanders (I-VT), Elizabeth Warren (D-MA), and Finance Committee Chairman Ron Wyden (D-OR) have advocated for a wealth tax rather than a direct income tax for years. A court of appeals ruled that the Moores could be taxed in this manner, concluding that “there is no constitutional prohibition against Congress attributing a corporation’s income proportionally to its shareholder.” However, the Supreme Court could overturn this decision, making the repatriation tax and future wealth-based taxes unconstitutional at the federal level.
“The Sixteenth Amendment allows the federal government to impose income taxes without apportioning them among the states,” said Cato Institute research fellow Thomas Berry. “But courts have always limited those taxes to that word, ‘income,’ and said that word is meaningful. It doesn’t just mean whatever the government wants it to mean.”
Along with the Chamber of Commerce and Americans for Tax Reform, the Cato Institute is one of the organizations that have filed amicus briefs in support of the Moores. It is probable that hearings will begin in October.
Scholars have long disagreed over whether unrealized capital gains can be deemed income.
Berry proposes that Biden and other Democrats attempt to raise traditional income taxes, which he is also attempting to do, in addition to imposing tariffs on imports.
More on this story via The Republic Brief:
Biden frequently raises the idea of a tax on the wealthy in his speeches, claiming that their average tax burden is lower than that of middle-class workers at just 3% of their income. CONTINUE READING…