As nuclear energy is used for a number of energy applications, there has been anxiety about who owns nuclear weapons and what they will be used for ever since they were first developed.
Iran and Saudi Arabia have been engaged in a protracted nuclear arms race.
The nuclear agreement that was negotiated between Iran and many major world powers in July 2015 was publicly renounced by then-President Donald Trump in 2018 as part of his “maximum pressure” campaign.
In order to be exempt from harsh economic penalties, Iran ostensibly agreed to dismantle a large portion of its nuclear program and make its facilities more accessible to outside scrutiny.
Later, the Biden administration expressed its openness to resurrect the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, also known as the Iran Nuclear Deal, but thus far, little has come of such attempts.
According to Reuters, indirect negotiations between the United States and Iran, with Russia acting as a middleman, have halted since March.
The Biden administration continues to reassure partners in the area that it would not permit Iran to develop nuclear weapons even as it conducts diplomatic initiatives with Iran.
These topics have gained attention as a result of President Biden’s personal trip to the Middle East.
In his most recent four-day tour, Biden made his first trip to the region since entering office, visiting Saudi Arabia and Israel.
A promise was inked between the United States and Israel during the visit to Israel.
According to the statement signed by Biden and Lapid in Israel on Thursday, “The United States stresses that integral to this pledge is the commitment never to allow Iran to acquire a nuclear weapon and that it is prepared to use all elements of its national power to ensure that outcome.”
Following his visit to Israel, Biden traveled on to Saudi Arabia, where he arrived on Friday.
According to Reuters, Saudi Arabia and the United States concurred on the significance of preventing Iran from “acquiring a nuclear weapon” in a joint statement released by the Saudi state news agency on Saturday.
Biden also reaffirmed the U.S. commitment to aiding “Saudi Arabia’s security and territorial defense, and facilitating the Kingdom’s ability to obtain necessary capabilities to defend its people and territory against external threats.”
More on this story via The Republic Brief:
Earlier this week, Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi promised a “harsh and regrettable response” if the US and its allies were to make a “mistake” concerning Iran, Aljazeera wrote.
Iran has accused the United States of trying to incite tensions across the Middle East through “Iranophobia”, the charge coming a day after Joe Biden ended his first tour of the region as the US president.